In 2018, the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption reached 18.0 percent in the European Union (EU), up from 17.5 percent in 2017 and more than double the share in 2004 (8.5 percent), the first year for which data are available, according to Eurostat, the European Union’s statistical office.
In Cyprus, the same rate hit 13.9% in 2018, up from 10.5% in 2017 and only 3.1% in 2004. It should be noted that Cyprus ‘ national 2020 goal was 13%, thus exeeded.
In Greece, the rate hit an estimated 18% in 2018, up from 17% in 2017 and 7.2% in 2004, while the national target was 18% in 2020.
The EU’s goal is to hit 20% of renewable energy by 2020, and at least 32% by 2030. Of the 28 EU Member States, 12 have already achieved a percentage equal to or above their binding national 2020 targets: Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Croatia, Italy, Latvia, Cyprus, Finland and Sweden. Four Member States are close to meeting their goals (i.e. less than 1 percentage point (pp) away), nine are between 1 and 4 pp away, and three are 4 or more pp away.
Renewable sources ‘ share of gross final energy consumption increased in 21 of the 28 Member States in 2018 compared to 2017, although remaining stable in one Member State and decreasing in six. It has grown significantly in all Member States since 2004. Sweden had the largest share in 2018, with over half (54.6%) of its energy from renewable sources, ahead of Finland (41.2%), Latvia (40.3%), Denmark (36.1%) and Austria (33.4%). At the opposite end of the scale, the Netherlands registered the lowest proportion of renewables (7.4%). Small shares, less than 10%, were also registered in Malta (8.0%), Luxembourg (9.1%) and Belgium (9.4%).
When it comes to the 2020 national targets, Romania is 0.1 percentage point (pp) away from its 2020 national target, Hungary, Austria and Portugal are less than 1 pp away and Germany, Luxembourg and Malta 2 pp away from their 2020 goals. The Netherlands (6.6 pp), France (6.4 pp), Ireland (4.9 pp), the United Kingdom (4.0 pp) and Slovenia (3.9 pp) are the farthest from their targets.
Meanwhile, the share of renewable energy used for transport in the European Union (EU) stood at 8.0 percent in 2018, compared to 7.1 percent in 2017, 3.9 percent in 2008 and 1.4 percent in 2004, the first year for which data are available.
In 2018, the share of energy from renewable sources used for transport increased in 21 of 28 Member States, remained stable in two Member States and decreased in five.
Sweden had by far the largest share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption in 2018, 14.1% ahead of Finland, 9.6% the Netherlands and 9.8% Austria.
At the opposite end of the scale, Cyprus reported the lowest proportion (2.7%). Low shares were also registered in Croatia, Greece and Estonia.